A person with disabilities – a person with substantial physical, mental, intellectual, or sensory impairments, which, when exposed to various barriers, may hinder the full and efficient participation of that person in the social life on an equal basis with others.
A student with special educational needs - a student who experiences learning difficulties, cannot fulfill the minimum requirements set by the national curriculum for the relevant class and/or needs adaptation/broadening of the national curriculum, adaptation of the environment, alternative curriculum and/or special educational services.
Abortion – artificial termination of a pregnancy that is performed (a) deliberately up to 12 weeks of pregnancy (based on the woman’s request); or (b) in accordance with medical and social indications, between 12 and 22 weeks of pregnancy.
Adolescent birth rate - The number of births to women aged 15-19 per 1,000 women in that age group.
Adoption of a child – defined as a deliberate refusal to the parental right of a child offered for adoption and transfer of a child to the adoptive parent(s) for care and upbringing. Adoption refers to a relationship between an adoptive parent and an adoptee, similar to the relationship between a parent and a child, established under the law. The necessary precondition for the adoption of a child is the consent of the parent(s), which they shall submit to a guardianship and custodianship local authority. Adoption of an orphan or abandoned child is permissible without parental consent. The consent of the parent(s) is also not required if they were declared as missing or dead by a court.
Age-specific fertility rate – number of births to women in a particular age group, divided by the number of women in that age group. It is expressed as the average number of live births per 1,000 women in a specific age group.
Agricultural enterprise – A holding operated by legal entity: limited liability company, general partnership, limited partnership, joint stock company, cooperative, etc.
Agricultural holding (holding) – An economic unit engaged in agricultural production under single management without regard to its size and legal status. There are two types of agricultural holding: family holding and agricultural enterprise.
alternative care − the provision by the State of such family care to a child without parental care that shall address the individual needs of the child, and give priority to the best interests of the child, including the right to live and the right to healthy development, the hearing of the opinion of the child,the participation of the child, and other rights and freedoms of the child.
An internally displaced person (IDP) - shall be a citizen of Georgia or a stateless person having a status in Georgia, who was forced to leave their permanent place of residence, because the occupation of the territory by a foreign country, aggression, an armed conflict, global violence and/or massive violation of human rights posed a threat to his/her or his/her family members life, health or freedom, and/or, taking any of the said reasons into consideration, he/she cannot return to his/her permanent place of residence.
Business activity – a lawful and repeated activity that is oriented to earn a profit. It is carried out independently and is well organized.
Causes of death – illnesses, pathological or physiological conditions, or injuries that directly cause or stimulate death; accidents or coercion leading to death.
Communicating limitation – a person has difficulties in communicating with other people, in talking, person is deaf-mute;
Computer user – a person who used a computer (desktop, portable computer (laptop, notebook, netbook), tablet) independently at any place (at home, at work or at another location) at least once in the reference period.
Custody/Guardianship – is assigned to a minor child without parental care both parents of a child are dead, is recognized dead, on limitation or deprivation of the parental rights and obligations from both parents, parent is recognized as disabled or missing, or recognizes a child as abandoned. Guardianship and custody is assigned to minor children for his/her protection of personal and proprietary rights and interests
Divorce (termination of marriage) – a fact of legal significance that is one of the grounds for the termination of a marriage between spouses and is confirmed by the relevant individual administrative-legal act.
Dwelling unit – refers to the structure in which a household lives and on the plot of land on which the unit is built. A dwelling unit is also used entirely or primarily as a residence, including any associated structures such as a garage.
Emigrant– A person, recorded when crossing the National border, who left the country and has cumulated a minimum of 183 days of residence outside the country during the twelve following months, and who was usual resident of the country when leaving the country, which means that he spent at least a cumulate duration of 183 days of residence inside the country during the twelve months before leaving the country.
Employed – a person aged 15 years and older, who during the reference period (7 days preceding the interview) worked for at least one hour for pay or profit or was temporary absent from the job due to holiday, illness, maternity leave, technical, economic or other similar reasons.
Employment rate expresses the number of persons who are employed as a percent of the relevant aged population.
Enterprise – an economic entity that produces goods or renders services and independently makes economic decisions on the distribution of its own resources (i.e. possesses a certain degree of freedom on decision-making). An enterprise carries out one or several kinds of activities in one or several places. An enterprise can be individual (physical) or a legal person. Enterprises are grouped by size: large, medium and small. A large-sized enterprise is an enterprise where the average annual number of employed exceeds 249 persons or the volume of average annual turnover exceeds GEL 60 million. Medium-sized enterprises are all enterprises of organizational-legal form where the average annual number of employed ranges from 50 to 250 persons or the average annual turnover ranges from GEL 12 million to GEL 60 million. Small-sized enterprises are all enterprises of organizational-legal form where the average annual number of employed does not exceed 50 persons and the average annual turnover is under GEL 12 million.
Family holding - A holding operated by household.
Family member – a person who has the rights and responsibilities under a family relationship. Property, inheritance, housing and other rights, as well as obligations of a family member, are regulated by the national legislation.
Family − a key group of the community and a natural environment in which to raise the child, for the well-being and protection of the child, which mainly consists of a child, his/her parents, a guardian, a custodian, sisters, brothers, and/or other persons responsible for raising the child.
First stage of higher education – V-VII levels of education as defined by the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED); programmes designed to provide intermediate and advanced academic and/or professional knowledge after secondary education (i.e. professional programmes, bachelor’s programmes and master’s programmes).
Formal care - is a system where the children are placed under 24-hour state car guardianship, custody, care (educational institution).
Foster care - a form of care by the State that resembles family care, which is aimed at raising and taking care of a foster child and is carried out on the basis of an agreement signed between the State and a foster parent.
Gender – refers to the roles, behaviours, activities and attributes that a given society at a given time considers appropriate for men and women. In addition to the social attributes and opportunities associated with being male and female and the relationships between women and men and girls and boys, gender also refers to the relations between women and those between men. These attributes, opportunities and relationships are socially constructed and are learned through socialization processes. They are context/time-specific and changeable. Gender determines what is expected, allowed and valued in a woman or a man in a given context. In most societies, there are differences and inequalities between women and men in responsibilities assigned, activities undertaken, access to and control over resources, and decision-making opportunities. Gender is part of the broader sociocultural context, as are other important criteria for sociocultural analysis including class, race, poverty level, ethnic group, sexual orientation, age, etc.
General education institution/school – a legal entity under public law or an entrepreneurial or non-entrepreneurial (non-commercial) legal entity under private law, authorized in the manner prescribed by the Minister of Education and Science of Georgia that carries out general educational activities under the National Curriculum and completely covers at least one level of general education. The data include I-III levels of general education (primary, basic, secondary) as defined by the National Qualifications Framework in the field of general education.
Global indicator framework for the Sustainable Development Goals – UN General Assembly adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in September 2015. The 2030 Agenda was affirmed by resolution 70/1. The global indicator framework was later adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017. The framework includes 17 goals and 232 indicators. The indicators included in this report are retrieved from the E/CN.3/2018/2 report.
Health care State Programs – means any plan or program that provides financial guarantees for target groups of the population, to ensure access to medical services and fulfillment of objectives for public health policy.
Hearing limitation – a person has some hearing limitation or problems of any kind with their hearing even when using a hearing aid (if (s)he wears a hearing aid);
Hours actually worked includes time that during the reference period (7 days preceding the interview) persons in employment spend directly on, and in relation to, productive activities; down time; and resting time.
Household income – includes all incomes of the household and its members during the reference period. Total income consists of cash and non-cash income. Cash income includes income from wages, self-employment, selling agricultural production, leasing, deposits (interest), pensions, scholarships, assistance, remittances from abroad and money received as a gift.
Household – a group of persons who observe the rules of common living and occupy a single dwelling and are connected by a shared budget (or a part thereof), as well as by relative or non-relative relationships. A household may consist of one person.
Immigrant – A person, recorded when crossing the National border, who entered the country and has cumulated a minimum of 183 days of residence in the country during the twelve following months, and who was not usual resident of the country when entering the country, which means that he spent at least a cumulate duration of 183 days of residence outside the country during the twelve months before entering the country.
Infant mortality rate – the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under 1 year of age.
Informal employment in non-agricultural sector refers to all workers not covered or insufficiently covered by formal arrangements through their work (didn’t pay income tax from remuneration; or/and employed didn’t benefit from paid annual leave or /and employed didn’t benefit from paid sick leave in case of illness; or/and employer didn`t contribution to the pension fund ) or employed defined her status in employment as a contributing family worker or enterprises where they worked weren`t registered.
Intentional homicide – an act intended to cause death to a person.
Juvenile offenders – a person who committed a crime between the ages of 14 and 17.
Labour force – is defined as the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Labour the force participation rate expresses the labour force as a percent of the relevant aged population.
Larceny – unlawful taking of the personal property of another person or business.
Life expectancy at birth – the average number of years that a newborn could expect to live if he/she were to pass through life subject to the age-specific mortality rates of a given period.
Live birth – complete expulsion or extraction from its mother a product of conception, irrespective of the duration of the pregnancy, that after such separation breathes or shows any other evidence of life – e.g., beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord or definite movement of voluntary muscles – whether or not the umbilical cord has been cut or the placenta is attached. Each product of such a birth is considered to be live-born.
Marriage – a voluntary union of a woman and a man for the purpose of creating a family, registered in the territorial offices of the Public Service Development Agency, a legal entity operating under the Ministry of Justice of Georgia.
Mean age of spouses - Average age of persons when they get married for a given period, calculated as arithmetic mean of spouses’ ages at marriage.
Median age of population - Age that divides the population in two parts of equal size, that is, there are as many persons with ages above the median as there are with ages below the median.
Morbidity rate – a measure obtained by dividing new cases of morbidity by the average annual size of the resident population.
NEET rate – the share of youth not in education, employment or training conveys the number of young persons aged 15-29 not in education, employment, or training as a percentage of the total youth population, aged 15-29 yeas.
Number of medical doctors – includes all medical doctors having a medical degree who, worked at medical and sanitary organizations, social security establishments, scientific/research institutions, medical staff-training institutions, health-care organizations, etc.
Number of persons found guilty – includes physical persons found guilty after conviction by a competent court.
Outside the labour force– a person aged 15 years and older, who during the reference period (7 days preceding the interview) was not employed and within the previous four weeks did not actively search for work and/or was not ready to start working within the next two weeks.
Pension (old age) – a monthly state disbursement to a certain category of citizens permanently residing on the territory of Georgia, as well as the citizens of foreign states who have been legally residing on the territory of Georgia for the past 10 years and the persons without citizenship, disbursed on the basis of reaching the retirement age, in order to provide them with minimum subsistence means.
Perpetrator – can be a family member who violates the constitutional rights and freedom of another family member through neglect and/or physical, psychological, sexual and/or economic forms of violence and/or coercion. A family member or any person who conducts gender-based violence against a woman either in public and/or in a private space, through neglect and/or physical, psychological, sexual and/or economic forms of violence and/or coercion is considered a perpetrator. A responsible person or any other person who violates the constitutional rights and freedom of a juvenile living together with him/her under the legal law through neglect and/or physical, psychological, sexual and/or economic forms of violence and/or coercion is considered to be a perpetrator.
Prison population – the total number of accused and convicted persons in the imprisonment and detention facilities.
Private ownership (local physical and/or legal person) – economic entities in which more than 50 per cent of the equity is in the ownership of a private person.
Remembering or Concentrating limitation – a person has a long-term or permanent disturbance of perception, attention, memory, thinking, etc. This category includes multiple sclerosis, obsessive states, etc;
Residential care − a form of alternative care exercised in the case of urgency and for the shortest period possible, when it is not possible to adopt or place a child in foster care.
Restrictive order – an act issued by an authorized police officer that determines temporary measures for protecting a victim of domestic violence and that shall be submitted for approval to a court within 24 hours after its issuance. Non-fulfilment of the requirements under a restraining/protective order by the abuser shall result in legal liability under Georgian legislation.
Robbery – attack aimed at holding someone’s property accompanied with a violent act hazardous to a life or a violent act dangerous to someone’s health or intimidation by using such an act of violence.
Second stage of higher education – VIII level of education, as defined by the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED); programmes designed primarily to lead to an advanced research qualification, usually concluding with the submission and defence of a substantive dissertation of publishable quality based on original research.
Seeing limitation – a person has vision difficulties even when wearing glasses (if (s)he wears glasses/lenses);
Self-Care limitation – a person cannot care for himself independently, in activitiessuch as dressing, eating, bathing, etc.
Self-employed – a person aged 15 years and older, who during the reference period worked for at least one hour for profit or was temporally absent from the job.
Sex (biological) – the physical and biological characteristics that distinguish males and females.
Sex ratio at birth - The ratio shows the number of male births per 100 female births.
Social package – a monthly state disbursement to a certain category of Georgian citizens in the presence of relevant grounds set forth in the law.
Social Protection of Persons with Disabilities - The State shall provide social protection to persons with disabilities and create necessary conditions for their individual development, and realisation of their creative and production capabilities.
State ownership in the business sector – economic entities in which more than 50 per cent of the equity is in the ownership of the State.
Stillborn - A fetus, whose death is prior to the complete expulsion or extraction from its mother, irrespective of the duration of pregnancy; the fetus does not breathe or show any other signs of life, such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or contraction of certain groups of skeletal muscles.
Subsistence Allowance – Pecuniary Social Assistance - each family, registered in the unified database, enjoys the right to receive the pecuniary assistance, if its rating score is less than the fixed minimum acceptable for the subsistence allowance average score.
Suicide – taking one’s own life voluntarily and intentionally.
Theft – felonious taking and removing of personal property with the intent to deprive the rightful owner of it.
Total fertility rate (TFR) – the average number of live births per woman (usually aged 15-49). TFR represents the mean number of children that would be born alive to a woman during her lifetime if she were to pass through her childbearing years conforming to the fertility rates according to her age within a given year.
Total size of the population – the total number of usual residents in a given area at a given time. The size of the population is calculated as of 1 January considering natural increases and net migration.
Trafficking (trade in persons) – a crime that is the recruitment, harbouring, transportation, provision or obtaining of a person for the purpose of exploitation by the use of force, fraud or coercion. Exploitation may take many forms, including labour and sexual exploitation.
Traveller - according to the Word Tourism Organization, traveller is someone who moves between different geographic locations, for any purpose and any duration;
Under-5 mortality rate - The number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under 5 year of age.
Unemployed - a person aged 15 years and older, who during the reference period (7 days preceding the interview), was not employed and within the previous four weeks actively searched for work and in case of success was ready to start work within the next two weeks.
Unemployment rate expresses the number of unemployed as a percent of the labour force.
Victim of domestic violence – a woman or any other family member whose constitutional rights and freedoms have been violated through neglect and/or physical, psychological, sexual and/or economic forms of violence and/or coercion and who was given the status of a victim of domestic violence by the relevant service of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and/or by a court and/or by a group tasked with determining the status of victims of domestic violence (victim identification group).
Visit - a movement of visitors;
Visitor - a traveler aged 15 or above, resident of Georgia, took a trip outside his/her usual environment to Georgia, specifically, from his/her living municipality to other municipality for less than a year, except the visit which are made frequently and for employment purposes;
Walking or Climbing Steps limitation – a person has some limitation or problems of any kind (for the long term or permanently) with walking independently, moving, standing, maintaining balance, etc. Also, any kind of problems related to balance disorder, which prevents the person from moving and standing freely;
Relative poverty – estimated for two population thresholds:
• Share of population under 60 per cent of median consumption
• Share of population under 40 per cent of median consumption
The two relative poverty thresholds are calculated according to the median of the population distribution by the total consumption (consumption expenditure).
• Median consumption – population distribution by total consumption is such a value that half (50 per cent) of the total population consumes less than it while the other half consumes more than it.
• Relative poverty indicators – estimated based on the total household consumption recalculated for the equalized adult with regard to the shared consumption (cohabitation) effect.